Parrots are one of the most intelligent birds. They can learn to say a few hundred words and make excellent pets. They originally come from the warmer areas of the world and are usually found in forests. They eat seeds, nuts and fruit. The can live for a long time, with the larger parrots sometimes living to 80 years old.
A peacock is a male peafowl. Female peafowls are called peahens. Peafowl are a type of pheasant, and they usually live on the ground in forests. Peacocks have spectacular tail feathers.
Scientific name: family: pelecanidae
Pelicans are a large water bird that lives on coastlines all over the world, except the very cold areas. They have a large pouch under their bill, which they use to scoop up fish from the water.
Scientific name: family: spheniscidae
Penguins are birds that live in the sea in the southern half of the world. There are many different kinds of penguin. They are excellent swimmers and are well-adapted to cold water. They eat fish and other small sea animals. Penguins cannot fly - their wings are used as flippers when they are swimming. Some people think penguins look like they are wearing a tuxedo.
Scientific name: subfamily: phasianinae
Pheasants are a large group of birds that usually live on the ground. Male pheasants are much more brightly coloured than female ones. They eat fruit, seeds and leaves as well as any insects and small lizards they find.
Scientific name: family: columbidae
The common pigeon, or rock pigeon, is found mostly in cities all over the world. They scavenge for food in trash where people live, and people feed them too. The wild version of the rock pigeon used to live on cliffs by the sea. In cities, they are often found high up on buildings, which isn't far removed from their natural habitat.