Plants that start with C

List of Plants that start with C

The most well-known plants and fungi, listed by their common names.

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Cabbage

Scientific name: brassica oleracea

The cabbage is a vegetable. People eat the leaves of the cabbage, not the flowers or roots.

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Cactus

Scientific name: family: cactaceae

Cacti are unusual plants. They grow in extremely hot, dry areas like deserts and they use as little water as possible. Their leaves have become spines and their stems are green like leaves of other plants are. Cacti store water in their thick stems.

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Caltrop

Photo of a caltrop seed head
Photo by Ross Berteig
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A caltrop is common name given to some (unrelated) plants that have seed heads with 4 or more sharp spikes, arranged so that one of them is always pointing upwards. The seed heads are very painful to step on.
Metal devices of the same name and design can be thrown onto roads in front of cars to burst their tires.

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Camellia

Scientific name: ornamental variety: camellia japonica

Camellias are an attractive plant native to southern and eastern Asia. They have pretty flowers in shades from white through pink to deep red. They grow from about 2-20m high, and are not drought tolerant but will tolerate frost. Most people grow them as ornamental garden plants.
The tea plant is a variety of camellia.

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Canola

Photo of a field of canola
Photo by Peter Dutton
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Scientific name: brassica campestris

Canola is a member of the cabbage family and is grown for the oil in its seeds. Canola was origninally called rape, from the Latin word rapum which means turnip. The modern 'canola' is short for Canadian Oil Low Acid, as it was bred quite recently in Canada to be better tasting.

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Capsicum

Photo of capsicums
Photo by Joe Beasley
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Scientific name: capsicum annuum

The capsicum or bell pepper is a medium sized fruit that ranges in colour from green to yellow to red. Unlike their cousins the chili, bell peppers are mild and sweet and are often eaten raw in salads, or cooked on pizza.

Photo of carnation flowers
Photo by Pizzodisevo
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Scientific name: dianthus caryophyllus

Carnations are a popular cut flower, with greyish green leaves and flowers that come in shades of pink, white and red, and in solid colours as well as patterned. The edges of most carnation petals are distinctively frilly.

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Carob

Photo of carob pods
Photo by Janet Hudson
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Scientific name: ceratonia siliqua

The carob is a small tree from the Mediterranean area. It will grow in a wide variety of soils and climates as long as it is not waterlogged. The young trees are frost sensitive but mature trees are frost tolerant, and the tree is drought tolerant and will even grow in slightly salty soils. Carobs grow big seed pods that start green like in the picture and gradually turn dark, wrinkly brown over a year and then fall off. Carobs are related to peas.
Carob seedpods are sweet and can be dried, roasted and ground and used to make a
chocolate substitute.

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Carrot

Photo of carrots
Photo by Color Line
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Scientific name: daucus carota

The carrot is a bright orange edible root. Carrots are crunchy when you eat them raw.
Carrots can be eaten on their own raw or cooked or used in soups, stews, cakes, puddings and in all manner of ways. They are a very common, widely-used vegetable.

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Cedar

Photo of a cedar tree
Photo by M_Eriksson
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Scientific name: family: pinaceae, genus: cedrus

Cedar is a group of pine tree originally found at high altitudes in the Himalayas. Cedar wood is scented by its oil, and is very long lasting. It can be used to make roof shingles and siding that will not rot. Cedar wood is a natural moth repellant, and with that property and the nice smell cedar is a popular choice for making furniture that you keep clothes in.