Scientific name: bertholletia excelsa
Brazil nuts are the seeds of a tree from South America. The Brazil nut tree is a very large tree, and the nuts only grow when the tree is in an undisturbed forest. The insects that pollinate the Brazil nut flowers are only found near a particular kind of orchid. The Brazil nuts themselves grow inside a large fruit the size of a coconut, with the nuts in shells like in the picture arranged like the segments of an orange.
The butt of something is one end of something, usually the blunt, wider end. A butt is also the remainder of something, like a cigarette butt. Butt can also be a slang word for your buttocks.
Scientific name: castanea sativa
A chestnut is the seed of a tree related to the oak tree, which grows in the northern hemisphere. It grows its seeds in a spikey shell. Chestnuts can be eaten raw but they do not taste very good this way. They are most often roasted before you eat them, but they can also be eaten candied, boiled, steamed, grilled or used as a stuffing.
A chestnut horse is a reddish-brown colour, with a mane and tail the same colour or lighter than the rest of the horse.
Scientific name: cocos nucifera
The coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm. Coconut palms grow in tropical areas of the world along beaches. They like warm weather, regular rain and high humidity, which is why they grow well in the tropics. You eat the flesh inside the coconut fruit, but there are many, many uses for the rest of the coconut palm. There are too many to list here, but they include: making rope and doormats from the outer shell of the nut; making bowls from the inner shell; and building houses from the trunk and branches of the palm tree. Coconut is used in many different ways in a wide variety of foods. One you might recognise is simply dried, grated, and stuck to the outside of a lamington!
Connecticut, abbreviated to CT, is a state in the north east of the United States of America. The capital of Connecticut is Hartford.
You cut something by using something sharp to go through it. You can cut yourself a slice of cake with a knife.
A donut, also spelt doughnut, is a sweet, fried batter-based food. Donuts are traditionally cooked as a ring shape with a hole in the middle. Donuts can be served in many flavours, with the traditional flavour being sugarspice or cinnamon donuts, which are dipped in a mixture of sugar and cinnamon. Donuts can also be sugar glazed, iced with chocolate, iced with ordinary icing, and iced donuts can have sprinkles stuck to the icing too.
Gut is a slang word for your stomach and intestines or just that part of your body - the man in the picture has a large gut. When you are preparing a whole animal to be cooked, the process of gutting it is the process of removing its internal organs, including its stomach and intestines.
Scientific name: corylus avellana
Hazelnuts are the nut of the hazel tree, and are very commonly used as an ingredient in chocolates, cakes and cookies (biscuits). Most hazelnuts are grown in Turkey. Hazelnuts can also be eaten raw or roasted.