Scientific name: cicer arietinum
The chickpea, also called garbanzo bean or Indian pea, is a legume that is widely used in the Middle East and India. Chickpeas can be soaked overnight and cooked whole, and eaten plain, in a salad, or as part of a stew or curry. They can also be ground into flour and used for baking. They are the main ingredient of falafels and hummus.