Photo of an owl.

Types of birds

Birds in all shapes, colors and sizes. Birds that fly, birds that walk, birds that chirp, birds that talk.

Photo of an albatross
Photo by Chris Pearson
Scientific name: family: diomedeidae

Albatrosses are large sea birds. The great albatross has the largest wingspan of any bird. Albatrosses can glide for very long distances. They eat squid and fish that they dive into the water to catch.

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Photo of a bird
Photo by Keven Law

Birds are a special type of animal that has two legs and two wings and is covered in feathers. Most birds can fly. Some birds, like the penguin and emu cannot fly, but they still have tiny wings. Some kinds of birds, such as parrots, can mimic what people say so well it seems like they can talk.

Photo of a budgerigar
Photo by Tom Reynolds
Scientific name: melopsittacus undulatus

A budgerigar, or budgie for short, is a very small parrot that many people keep as pets. They are very friendly, and like most parrots they can be taught to talk. Budgerigars are originally from central Australia, and were once only green and yellow. All the other colors have been created by people selectively breeding them.

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Photo of a bulbul
Photo by Lip Kee
Scientific name: family: pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are a family of medium-sized songbirds. They are found in most haitats, with African bulbuls being found mainly in rainforests. Bulbuls can be found in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Indonesia and even Japan.

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Photo of a canar
Photo by Alan Manson
Scientific name: serinus canaria domestica

Canaries are small songbirds closely related to finches. They eat seeds and have a pretty song. Most canaries are yellow. Wild canaries are more mottled or yellow-green than pet canaries.

Scientific name: casuarius casuarius

Cassowaries are very large flightless birds that live in tropical forests of New Guinea and northeastern Australia. The only birds bigger than the cassowary are the ostrich and emu.
Cassowaries mainly eat fruit, but will also eat new shoots, seeds and fungi, insects and small animals. Cassowaries usually travel around on their own except when it is time to find a mate and lay eggs.
The booming noise the cassowary makes is the lowest known bird call, and is so low humans can only just hear it.

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Scientific name: gallus gallus domesticus

A chicken is a kind of bird that is kept as a source of food. Chickens lay eggs which we can eat, and we can also eat chickens. A female chicken is called a hen, male chickens are called roosters. Hens lay eggs, roosters crow when the sun rises.

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Photo of a cock pheasant.
Photo by Andy Roberts

Most male birds are called cocks. Sometimes the word is in the common name of the bird, such as the peacock. Male birds tend to have much brighter coloured feathers than female birds, or hens.

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Photo of a condor
Photo by Keven Law
Scientific name: vultur gryphus or gymnogyps californianus

Condors are a type of vulture found in the Andes and the Californian mountains. They are one of the largest birds in the world. They can live to 50 years old in the wild, and have a wingspan of up to 3 metres.
They spend a lot of their time soaring through the air looking for large dead animals to eat.

Photo of a cormorant
Photo by Lip Kee
Scientific name: family: phalacrocoracidae

Cormorants and shags are medium sized birds that live near the sea. They eat fish, including eels and sea snakes. They catch fish by diving into the water. Cormorants are related to pelicans.

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And also ...

Bittern, Cuckoo, Grouse, Ibis, Jay, Roadrunner, Shag, Stork, Swift, Tern.