Photo of an owl.

Types of birds

Birds in all shapes, colors and sizes. Birds that fly, birds that walk, birds that chirp, birds that talk.

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Fowl

A fowl is a domesticated farmyard bird. A fowl usually means a chicken but can also mean ducks, turkeys and pheasants.

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Galah

Photo of two galahs
Photo by Steve Wilson
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Scientific name: eolophus roseicapilla

Galahs, also called the rose-breasted cockatoo, are an extremely common parrot found in large flocks all over Australia. It has risen to pest proportions in some areas.

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Goose

Photo of two geese
Photo by Dave Hamster
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Scientific name: family anatidae

A goose is a kind of large bird, related to the duck and swan. Geese are larger than ducks and smaller than swans. Geese live around water. A male goose is called a gander and a baby goose is called a gosling. The plural of goose is geese.

Photo of guinea fowl
Photo by Nikki Tysoe
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Guineafowl are large, ground dwelling birds native to Africa. They have distinctive black feathers covered in white spots. They eat insects and seeds. Guineafowl have been domesticated for a long time, and are kept for their meat, which is similar to chicken.

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Gull

Scientific name: family: Laridae

Gulls are a family of similar sea birds. The most common gulls are called seagulls. Gulls are usually white and grey, sometimes with patches of black.

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Hawk

Photo of a hawk
Photo by Mike Baird
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A hawk is any kind of small to medium sized member of the eagle family. Hawks have hooked beaks, and eat small animals like mice and other birds. They have excellent eyesight, and can spot a meal from a very long way away.

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Hen

Photo of a hen.
Photo by Ernst Vikne
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Most female birds are called hens. The most common female bird to be called a hen is a chicken.

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Heron

Photo of a heron
Photo by Mike Baird
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Scientific name: family: ardeidae

Herons are wading birds, and live around shallow water. They mainly eat fish and frogs. Some members of the heron family are called egrets or bitterns.

Photo of a hummingbird
Photo by Aerodesign
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Scientific name: family: trochilidae

Hummingbirds are a group of small birds that eat nectar. The smallest bird is a type of hummingbird. Hummingbirds can beat their wings 12-90 times a second, which gives them a distinctive hum when they fly. Because they beat their wings so fast, they can hover and fly backwards in the same way that some insects can.

Scientific name: order: coraciiformes

A kingfisher is a type of bird found all over the world. Many kingfishers live near water, and dive for fish.
Kingfishers also eat crayfish, frogs, and insects. Forest dwelling kingfishers eat small reptiles.