Plants that start with B

Plants that start with B

Alphabetical list of plants.

The most well-known plants, listed by their common names.

Photo of baby's tears
Photo by Sultmhoor
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Scientific name: soleirolia soleirolii

Baby's tears, also called angel's tears, mind-your-own-business, peace-in-the-home, pollyanna vine, mother of thousands, Corsican curse or Irish moss is a small, soft, creeping green plant. It is not a moss. Baby's tears likes moist, shady areas and will grow alongside ferns or in tanks set up for amphibians.

Scientific name: family: poaceae, subfamily: bambusoideae

Bamboo is the largest kind of grass. There are thousands of different kinds of bamboo, some of which have stalks big enough to build houses from. Bamboo shoots reach their full height within a year, but unlike tree trunks, bamboo stems do not get thicker. The giant panda eats bamboo.

Scientific name: musa acuminata and musa balbisiana

The banana is a tropical fruit and is eaten all over the world. Bananas can be eaten raw, cooked, or used in other foods like cake. The bananas in the picture are on a plate.

Photo of a banksia flower
Photo by Julia Gross
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Scientific name: family: proteaceae, genus: banksia

Banksias are a large group of Australian flowers that grow in the more temperate regions of Australia. They range from small shrubs to large trees. Their most distinctive feature is their flower spikes, which are generally quite large and make an excellent cut flower. Many types of birds eat the nectar from banksia flowers.

Scientific name: hordeum vulgare

Barley is a crop grown mainly for animal food, and for making malt that is turned into beer and whiskey.

Photo of basil.
Photo by Cliff Hutson
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Scientific name: ocimum basilicum

Basil is a herb that is often used in Italian or Thai food. Sweet basil is used in Italian food and Thai basil is used in Asian food. Basil has a sweet, strong smell.
Basil likes to grow in hot, dry conditions and does not tolerate frost at all. Basil stops producing the oil that gives it its flavour once it starts to flower, so you should pick off the flowers as they develop. You can leave one or two stems to flower without affecting the rest of the plant, so you have some seeds for next year.

Scientific name: laurus nobilis

Bay leaves are dried leaves from the bay laurel tree. Bay leaves are used to flavour soups and stews. The flavour of the leaves gets stronger when they are dried.
The bay laurel itself can grow into a large tree, but is usually kept in a container and clipped into shapes by topiary. Bay trees like a frost-free area.

Scientific name: family: fagaceae

Beech are a group of ten deciduous trees native to cooler regions in Europe, Asia and North America. Beech is grown both as an ornamental garden tree and for its wood.

Photo of bell peppers
Photo by Joe Beasley
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Scientific name: capsicum annuum

The bell pepper is a medium sized fruit that ranges in colour from green to yellow to red. Unlike their cousins the chili, bell peppers are mild and sweet and are often eaten raw in salads, or cooked on pizza. Bell peppers are also called capsicums.

Photo of a cluster of birch trees
Photo by Rick Harris
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Scientific name: family: betulaceae

Birch are deciduous trees related to the oak and beech. They are found in many cooler places in the northern hemisphere. Birch are small trees that are grown in gardens for their attractive white bark.