Plants that start with F

List of Plants that start with F

The most well-known plants and fungi, listed by their common names.

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Fennel

Scientific name: foeniculum vulgare

Fennel is a plant related to dill and anise. It has a flavour similar to anise but not as strong. The leaves and seeds can be used in cooking as a garnish or flavour, and the bulb at the base of the plant can be cooked as a vegetable.

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Fern

Photo of some fern fronds
Photo by Liz West
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Scientific name: division: pteridophyta

A fern is a type of plant that is not as advanced as trees and flowers. The leaves of a fern are called fronds. Fronds start off tightly curled and uncurl as they grow. Ferns don't grow from seeds, instead they grow from primitive spores. Spores are found in little lumps on the bottom of the fern's fronds, and when they fall out of the lumps they look like fine dust. There are thousands of different kinds of fern.

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Fig

Photo of some figs
Photo by Xerones
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Scientific name: ficus carica

Figs are the flower of a medium sized tree that is grown almost all over the world. It is originally from the Iran and Pakistan area. It can be grown in most climates, and will tolerate some degree of frost and drought. Figs can be eaten raw, made into jam, cooked into desserts or most commonly, dried.
You can grow your own figs in several different ways. You can take cuttings of bare branches in late winter to early spring before the leaves grow and put them in a sheltered spot in some sandy potting soil. You can also grow them by bending over a young branch and pinning the bend into some soil, waiting for roots to grow at the bend and then cutting the branch from the main tree. Or you can grow figs by layering.

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Fir

Scientific name: genus: abies

Firs are a family of conifers, found in mountains in the northern hemisphere. They are most closely related to cedars.
Not to be confused with fur.

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Flax

Photo of a field of flax
Photo by Roger Ward
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Scientific name: linum usitatissimum

Flax, or linseed, is a plant that is grown for its seeds and for its stems. The seeds can be used whole in baking or used to make oil. Flaxseed or linseed oil is a major component in varnish.
The skin of the flax stems is used to make
fibers that can then be woven into fabrics like linen or made into rope.

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Flora

Photo of flora
Photo by BLMOregon
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Flora is another word for plants as opposed to animals, which are called fauna. It is usually used when you are talking about plants from a particular area, for example "the native flora of Oregon".

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Flower

Photo of a flower.
Photo by Ahmed Rabea
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Flowers are the part of a plant that is used to make seeds, which grow into baby plants. Flowers are usually very pretty. The reason for this is the plant needs insects to come to the flowers and fertilize them so seeds can develop. Insects are attracted to the flowers by their colour and the sweet nectar that the plant grows inside the flower as a reward for the insects.

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Foxglove

Photo of some foxgloves
Photo by T Chu
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Scientific name: digitalis purpurea

The digitalis, or foxglove, is a very attractive garden plant that has flowers in various shades of pink. It is a biennial, native to western Europe and parts of Asia and Africa.
The entire plant is toxic, from roots to flowers. It is toxic fresh and dried, and if you have a vase of foxglove flowers, the water in the vase will be toxic too. A large enough dose will kill you, smaller doses cause hallucinations, nausea and severe headaches. It is toxic to people and animals, including cats and dogs.

Photo of frangipani flowers
Photo by Alonvy
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Scientific name: genus: plumeria

A frangipani is a tropical deciduous flowering shrub. It is related to the oleander, and both have milky, poisonous sap. Its flowers are usually white with a yellow centre, but some varieties have pink flowers. They are fragrant at night to attract moths.
You can grow your own frangipani easily by taking a cutting without leaves in spring, letting it dry out a little and then putting it into some soil.

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Frond

Photo of fern fronds
Photo by Amanda Slater
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A frond is a special type of leaf that is usually found on ferns. Palm trees also have fronds. The fronds on ferns start curled up, and uncurl as they grow.

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And also ...

Five fingered fern.