Maputo is the capital of Mozambique. It has a population of around 1.3 million.
Mistletoe is a name for a group of unrelated plants that all grow the same way - by being partly parasitic on another plant. This means they grow partly inside another plant, using it as a source of nutrition. Mistletoes can also generate some of their own food from the sun like other plants. Mistletoe is often used as a Christmas decoration. It is a tradition that any male and female who meet under the mistletoe must kiss.
Scientific name: family: culicidae
A mosquito is a common insect that flies. Mosquitoes have a very sharp, hollow tongue that they use to stick through your skin and drink your blood. Some mosquitoes carry very dangerous diseases which can make you very sick. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in water, and the baby mosquitoes live in the water until they turn into the adults. It is a good idea to make sure you have no uncovered water in your backyard for mosquitoes to lay eggs in.
Pesto is a sauce made in a mortar and pestle. It is made by grinding up basil, garlic and coarse salt, then adding pine nuts and olive oil and mixing it all together. Pesto is usually served simply by stirring it through some pasta.
A plateau is a wide, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding area, often due to being neighbored by canyons or valleys on all sides.
Pluto was once known as the ninth planet and most distant from our sun. It was discovered in 1930, and was downgraded to a "dwarf planet" in 2006. Pluto has a moon called Charon, which is the smaller dot in the top part of the picture. Pluto is 5,906,380,000km from the Sun. Its radius is 1,151km.
Scientific name: solanum tuberosum
Potatoes are tubers - they grow underground but are not the central root of the plant like a carrot or turnip. One potato plant can make many potatoes. Potatoes originally came from Peru but are now grown world wide, and are the fourth biggest crop after rice, wheat, and maize. Potatoes are best known in the form of french fries (chips) or crisps. Potato can be eaten in a huge variety of ways. It can be an ingredient in soups and stews, mashed and eaten with butter, baked, fried, boiled and in a huge variety of other dishes.