Photo of a fissure

Damage & Destruction

Words to do with the breaking and undoing of things.

Something is broken if it is so badly damaged it can't be used for its original purpose. For example, a chair is broken if a leg has come off and you can't sit on it. The cup in the picture is shattered so badly it no longer holds coffee. Some things that are broken can be fixed, but not all.

Photo of rust
Photo by Ben Hosking
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Corroding is the process by which something becomes corroded. Metals usually corrode by a slow chemical reaction.

Photo of corroded rails
Photo by Cecilia
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Something is corroded if it is showing damage from being slowly eaten away. Many metals become corroded over time by a slow chemical reaction. Iron becomes rusted as it corrodes.

Photo of corroded metal
Photo by Jens Rost
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Corrosion is what appears on something that is corroded, or the process of something becoming corroded.

A crack is a long, thin break in something. Cracks are usually found in something big and hard, like a wall or a concrete building.

Photo of a paper plane
Photo by Antje Verena
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A crease is a line that has been made in a surface, usually by bending or folding it. People get creases in their skin in places that move, like around their eyes. The piece of paper in the picture has creases in it from where someone has folded it into the shape of a paper plane.

Photo of damaged tomatoes
Photo by Debra Roby
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Damage is some kind of harm that is caused to something else, which doesn't completely break or destroy it but does reduce its usefulness or value.
The tomato in the picture has been damaged by birds.

Photo of debris
Photo by Bart Everson
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Debris is the broken remains of something that has been destroyed, usually from a natural event like a tornado but debris can be created by any kind of destruction.

Photo of decay
Photo by Vik Nanda
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Something is decaying if it is slowly rotting or otherwise degrading and breaking down.
A civilization that is declining may be said to be in decay, for example, "the decay of the Roman empire".

A defect is something wrong with something, that stops it from being perfect. A defect in a machine might stop it from working at all.
A defect might also be called a flaw or imperfection.

And also ...

Chip, Demolish.