Plants that start with R

Plants that start with R

Alphabetical list of plants.

The most well-known plants, listed by their common names.

Photo of radishes
Photo by Dawn Endico
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Scientific name: raphanus sativus

Radishes are an edible root vegetable. They come in a variety of colors, with the most common being red and white. The root of the radish is crisp and has a sharp peppery flavour, with some radish varieties being hotter than others.
Radishes are most commonly used in salads, and can be preserved by pickling them. Radish leaves and seeds are also edible but not as many people eat them as eat the root.

Photo of a raspberry bush
Photo by zaQography
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Scientific name: rubus idaeobatus

Raspberries are the fruit of a very vigorous deciduous thorny bush related to blackberries, roses and strawberries. Raspberries can spread by sending out roots a long way under the ground that then sprout new plants. Raspberries can take over your backyard if you don't keep them pruned.
Raspberries can be eaten fresh, made into juice, or cooked into pies. Raspberries are very good for you.

Photo of rattan vines
Photo by Avlxyz
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Scientific name: tribe: calameae

Rattan is a type of palm tree that grows like a vine. It grows very fast, and can grow up to a hundred metres long. Rattan is harvested mainly to make cane furniture from. It can be split into wicker for making woven furniture. Rattan is also used to make canes for whipping people as punishment in some countries.

Photo of red valerian
Photo by Wendy Cutler
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Scientific name: centranthus ruber

Red valerian, also called Jupiter's beard, spur valerian or just valerian, is a pretty garden plant grown for its large spikes of pink flowers. It will tolerate drought, frost and highly alkaline soils - it can even grow in the cracks of a limestone wall. The whole plant is edible but is not particularly tasty.
It can be confused with true valerian, which is an unrelated plant with medicinal properties.

Scientific name: ribes rubrum

Redcurrants are a small berry related to gooseberries that are from Europe. They are quite sour and are only used for making jams and other cooked food. A paler, less sour type of redcurrant is called whitecurrant.

Reeds are tall, grassy plants found growing by waterways or in swamps.
Reeds can be used for weaving baskets, for making boats, and for thatching houses.

Photo of rhubarb
Photo by David Morris
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Scientific name: rheum rhabarbarum

Rhubarb is a kind of plant with red, edible stems. The stems can be eaten raw, cooked into a sauce or cooked as filling for a pie. The leaves should not be eaten, as they are poisonous.

Scientific name: oryza sativa

Rice is the largest crop grown for food in the world. Most rice is grown in China and India. Rice is a type of grass that grows to about a metre high. Rice needs a lot of water to grow, and in countries like Australia that have a low rainfall people are calling for rice growing to stop.
Rice is usually eaten cooked plain, but can be prepared in a lot of different ways and served with lots of different foods. Rice can even be puffed, a little like popcorn.

Photo of a rose
Photo by S Pisharam
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Scientific name: genus: rosa

The rose is a flowering plant, often seen in people's front yards. It is very prickly. Rose flowers are generally white, pink, yellow or red. People give each other gifts of bunches of roses if they really like each other.

Photo of a rosemary plant
Photo by Austin Keys
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Scientific name: rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary is a woody evergreen herb that grows into a shrub up to about a metre and a half tall and much wider again. It can be clipped into a hedge or other topiary shapes. It has very strong smelling narrow leaves and purple flowers. It grows well in hot, dry conditions and most varieties tolerate heavy frosts. It does not like being overwatered.
Rosemary goes very well with lamb dishes, but can be used to flavor a variety of other foods too.