Scientific name: phoenix dactylifera
Dates are the fruit of the date palm. Dates are about 2 inches long, and very sweet. They are usually sold dried, with their seed removed. Dates are common in Middle Eastern food, and are the main ingredient of sticky date pudding.
Scientific name: hylocereus undatus
Dragon fruit grow on a vine-like cactus. They are native to Mexico, Central America, and South America but are grown in a number of Asian countries and even Australia. Their flowers open at night and have a nice smell. The pulpy center of the fruit is eaten raw, and the juice can be drank or used to make wine. Dragon fruit has a very mild taste.
Scientific name: genus: durio
Durians are a large, heavy, prickly fruit from Malaysia and Indonesia. They have a very strong smell that some people find disgusting and other people really like. The taste is described as like custard with almonds. Durians are used in many dishes in Malaysia, especially sweet desserts.