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Photo of grass.

Plants that start with G

The most well-known plants and fungi, listed by their common names.
Photo of garlic

Gis forGarlic

Scientific name: allium sativum
Garlic is a member of the onion family. Garlic is used as a seasoning in many different varieties of food. Garlic is very strong and can make your breath smell bad the day after you eat it. The bulb of the garlic is usually made of several different sections called cloves that can be pulled apart and peeled individually. It was once thought that garlic warded off vampires.
Photo of gazania flowers

Gis forGazania

Scientific name: gazania rigens
Gazanias are a very hardy, low-growing plant originally from South Africa. It grows in very dry climates and in poor soil, and will tolerate frost, drought and coastal conditions. They are often mass planted as a ground cover in dry areas. They have been selectively bred to have flowers in a variety of colours, from white and yellow through to pink, although orange and yellow are the most common. They are easy to grow from seed, and will self-sow and spread rapidly, so are regarded as a weed in some parts of Australia. They can also be grown from cuttings.
Photo of germinating coconuts
Something germinates when it starts to grow. When you are talking about germination you are usually talking about plants. Seeds, bulbs and spores all germinate. The picture is of some coconut seeds germinating.
Photo of ginger roots

Gis forGinger

Scientific name: zingiber officinale
Ginger is a root which is used in cooking. It is used to make gingerbread men, in gravies, stir-fries, curries and cakes. It has a strong, sharp taste. It can be used as a medicine too, particularly for easing morning sickness, or to aid digestion.
Photo of dried gourds

Gis forGourd

Scientific name: lagenaria siceraria
Gourds are a kind of fruiting vine in the pumpkin family. The fruit is dried out and the hard shell is used for many purposes. Gourds can be used as bottles, bowls and to make musical instruments.
Photo of grapes.

Gis forGrapes

Scientific name: vitis vinifera
Grapes are the fruit of the grape vine. Grapes can be black, blue, yellow, red or green. Grapes can be eaten raw, dried into sultanas, made into jam or made into wine. Grapes grow on the vine in bunches.
Photo of grass.

Gis forGrass

Scientific name: graminoids
Grasses are a kind of plant that grows long leaves and stems from ground level without much branching. The way grass grows makes it ideal to use as a lawn. Bamboo is a type of really tall grass.
Photo of grevillea flower
Scientific name: genus: grevillea
Grevilleas are a large group of flowering plants found in Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, and Sulawesi. Different types of grevillea grow from very small shrubs to large trees.
Photo of guava fruit

Gis forGuava

Scientific name: psidium guajava
There are many different varieties of guava, with different thicknesses of skin and different coloured flesh. Guavas are grown in tropical areas but the adult plants can survive mild frosts. Guava is often made into juice or made into a dessert.