Envy is being resentful of something that someone else has. Sometimes, people who are envious will wish the other person doesn't have the coveted item either. Envy is one of the seven deadly sins.
Gluttony describes eating too much food, or eating it too fast, or generally taking far more pleasure in food than you should. Gluttony is one of the seven deadly sins.
Greed is an excessive desire for material things such as money and possessions. Greed is one of the seven deadly sins.
Lust is a very strong, even uncontrolled or uncontrollable sexual desire, or a very strong craving for something. For example, "he has a lust for power".
Pride is the state of being proud. Pride as one of the seven deadly sins is taking being proud to excess. You commit the sin of pride when you are vain, and too interested in yourself to the point of not noticing things other people do.
Sloth is the sin of laziness and indifference; not even caring about doing anything.