Scientific name: carica papaya
A papaya, sometimes called a pawpaw, is a soft, tropical fruit that has a taste a little like a mild peach or pineapple. Papayas are usually eaten fresh. The seeds are also edible, with a very sharp flavour and are sometimes ground up and used instead of pepper.
Scientific name: passiflora edulis
Passionfruits are a small, tropical vine. The fruit itself is hard, and either yellow or almost black. The part of the passionfruit that you eat is the seeds and the flesh around the seeds. You cut the fruit in half and scrape the seeds out. Passionfruit is added to pies, desserts, fruit salad and some drinks.
Scientific name: prunus persica
Peaches are a large, pale orange fruit related to plums, apricots and cherries. The outside of the peach fruit is covered in fine fuzz, which some people don't like. A fuzzless peach is called a nectarine. Peaches are usually eaten fresh or preserved in jars or tins.
Scientific name: pyrus communis
The pear is the fruit of the pear tree. Pear trees are small deciduous trees growing to around 5-12 metres high. Pears may be green or yellow. Pears are closely related to apples but are softer, juicier and a different shape. You can eat all of the pear except the core in the middle, which is full of seeds.
Scientific name: diospyros kaki
Persimmons are an orange fruit with a sweet, tangy flavour. The variety most commonly grown is native to China. They must be completely ripe before they can be eaten, as the immature fruit is very bitter. They can be eaten fresh, dried, or used to make foods like desserts or even fermented to make vinegar. The main variety now grown commercially and in home gardens in New Zealand is Fuyu. This is a non-astringent variety and is best eaten while it is still crisp - like an apple.
Scientific name: ananas comosus
Pineapples are a type of very sweet tropical fruit. Pineapples are eaten fresh, used in desserts, cakes and their juice is used in many drinks. You need to take off the prickly outside of the fruit before you can eat it. Pineapple flowers are most often pollinated by the hummingbird.
Scientific name: prunus domestica
The plum is a small, dark red fruit related to peaches and cherries. Dried plums are sometimes called prunes. Plums can be eaten raw or used to cook puddings.
Scientific name: punica granatum
The pomegranate is originally native to Asia but has been grown around the Mediterranean area for centuries. It is the fruit of a deciduous shrub. The name means "seeded apple". Pomegranates have a hard outside layer that you cannot eat. The part of the pomegranate you eat is the juicy seeds. You can eat them raw, make them into juice, or use them in desserts or other dishes.