Scientific name: raphanus sativus
Radishes are an edible root vegetable. They come in a variety of colors, with the most common being red and white. The root of the radish is crisp and has a sharp peppery flavour, with some radish varieties being hotter than others. Radishes are most commonly used in salads, and can be preserved by pickling them. Radish leaves and seeds are also edible but not as many people eat them as eat the root.
Raisins are dried sultana grapes, and in many countries they are just called sultanas. Raisins can be added to cakes and puddings or just eaten by themselves. They are an excellent lunchbox snack.
Meat is cooked rare if it is only cooked very lightly, and it is still pink in the middle.
Scientific name: rubus idaeobatus
Raspberries are the fruit of a very vigorous deciduous thorny bush related to blackberries, roses and strawberries. Raspberries can spread by sending out roots a long way under the ground that then sprout new plants. Raspberries can take over your backyard if you don't keep them pruned. Raspberries can be eaten fresh, made into juice, or cooked into pies. Raspberries are very good for you.
Scientific name: ribes rubrum
Redcurrants are a small berry related to gooseberries that are from Europe. They are quite sour and are only used for making jams and other cooked food. A paler, less sour type of redcurrant is called the whitecurrant.
Scientific name: rheum rhabarbarum
Rhubarb is a kind of plant with red, edible stems. The stems can be eaten raw, cooked into a sauce or cooked as filling for a pie. The leaves should not be eaten, as they are poisonous.
Scientific name: oryza sativa
Rice is the largest crop grown for food in the world. Most rice is grown in China and India. Rice is a type of grass that grows to about a metre high. Rice needs a lot of water to grow, and in countries like Australia that have a low rainfall people are calling for rice growing to stop. Rice is usually eaten cooked plain, but can be prepared in a lot of different ways and served with lots of different foods. Rice can even be puffed, a little like popcorn.