Ganache is a mix of chocolate and cream. It can be used as frosting or filling for pastries and confectionary. It is made by pouring warm cream over diced chocolate and then stirring them together. Ganache is usually made with two parts chocolate to one part cream for filling, and equal parts for frosting or a glaze.
Scientific name: allium sativum
Garlic is a member of the onion family. Garlic is used as a seasoning in many different varieties of food. Garlic is very strong and can make your breath smell bad the day after you eat it. The bulb of the garlic is usually made of several different sections called cloves that can be pulled apart and peeled individually. It was once thought that garlic warded off vampires.
Garnish is something that you put on top of food to make it look nicer. Garnishes can be eaten if you like, or they can be there just for decoration. Garnishes are usually some kind of herb, or a little sprinkle of ground spice. The most common kind of garnish is a sprig of parsley.
Gelatin, also spelt gelatine, is used to give a thick, gel texture to many foods. It is colourless, odourless and almost tasteless. Gelatin is found in jello, many gummy sweets like in the picture, and marshmallows to name but a few. Gelatin is made by boiling down the bones and skin of animals. It is composed entirely of a form of collagen. Gelatin is sold as a powder or in hard sheets, and needs to be soaked in warm water to soften it, or dissolved in hot water before it can be added to food.
Gherkins are very similar to cucumbers. They are usually pickled when they are small, the same way that cucumbers are. Many people call any pickled cucumber a gherkin.
Gin is a strong alcoholic drink that is flavored by juniper berries. It is most commonly drank mixed, rather than on its own.
Scientific name: zingiber officinale
Ginger is a root which is used in cooking. It is used to make gingerbread men, in gravies, stir-fries, curries and cakes. It has a strong, sharp taste. It can be used as a medicine too, particularly for easing morning sickness, or to aid digestion.
A gingerbread man is a ginger-flavoured cookie or biscuit in the shape of a person. You can make almost any shape from gingerbread but people are the most popular. The features and things like buttons are either drawn on the gingerbread men with icing, gumdrops or raisins or pressed into the surface of the cookie.
Gnocchi are small dumplings. They can be made from flour or potatoes, water and eggs. Gnocchi are typically boiled to cook them and then served like pasta.