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List of legal concepts

Concepts related to laws and rules, from both sides - justice and crime.

Photo of a burnt house

Ais forArson

Arson is the act of deliberately setting on fire either someone else's house or other belongings, or your own house or belongings, usually because you want to claim insurance. In most countries, arson is a crime.
A real estate contract.

Cis forContract

A contract is a legal agreement between two or more people. Contracts can be used to buy or sell something, to agree to do a specific task such as a job, or to join two people together legally, such as in marriage.

Dis forDivorce

Divorce is the legal end of a marriage. When two people decide they don't want to be married any more, they go to court where a judge gives them a divorce.
Photo of a gavel

Gis forGavel

A gavel is a small wooden hammer that is used by judges to make a loud noise to bring a court to attention. Gavels are sometimes used by other official public speakers for the same reason.
Photo of government
The Government is a group of people who decide on the rules and laws that apply to the people living in a particular area. Governments administer all the paperwork related to running that area.
Photo of a jail cell

Jis forJail

A jail is another word for a prison. People who have done something wrong are locked in jail as a punishment.
Photo of a courtroom

Jis forJudge

A judge is someone who is in charge of a court of law, and listens to all sides of a court case, when someone has been accused of doing something bad. Judges also decide what punishment will be given to someone who is found guilty. Outside of a law court, a judge is someone who decides who will win a competition, such as a sports game, a pet show, or an art competition.

Pis forPolice

A police officer (or policeman, policewoman or just police) is someone who makes sure that other people are obeying the law, and catches people who aren't. Some police officers ride horses. Horses can go places that cars and motorbikes cannot go, because horses can step over holes or things on the ground and jump fences and vehicles can't.
Photo of a prison

Pis forPrison

A prison, also called a jail, gaol or penitentiary, is a place where people who have done bad things are locked up as a punishment. Some people can be put in jail for many, many years because they have done something very, very bad.
Photo of a dunce cap
A punishment is something that is given to you when you do something wrong, by breaking rules or the law. Punishments can range from being fined some money, to being smacked to being put to death. Punishments are always unpleasant, and usually are tailored to fit the crime. The opposite of punishment is reward.