An address is a written representation of where someone lives or works, so you can send them mail and know it will reach them.
An advertisement a way of communicating with people, usually through pictures, video and/or text, that makes them do something. Advertising is most often used to try and convince people to buy something. Advertising can also be used to try and convince people to do something, like go see a particular movie, or to quit smoking.
Advice is a kind of communication where you give some kind of information. Advice often takes the form of giving some information about different choices to help someone make that choice.
An argument is a kind of conversation where two or more people who disagree with each other all put forward the reasons for their side of an argument. A structured argument is usually called a debate, and an argument that gets very heated can turn into a fight.
When two or more people are arguing, they are said to be having an argument.
An autograph is the signature of a famous person, usually made out to someone who admires them. Some people collect autographs, and they can be valuable, especially after the famous person has died.
A banner is similar to a flag, usually being made from fabric and carrying some kind of message. Banners tend to be hung where a lot of people can see them.
A billboard is a very, very large outdoor advertisement. Billboards are usually put near busy roads, so that people driving past in cars can see them from a long way away.
A blackboard, or chalkboard, is a surface you can write on in chalk. Blackboards are usually used in classrooms or to write menus in restaurants.
A brochure is a small book, usually full of pictures and text designed to sell a product or service.